November 28, 2008

Pie Is Where the Heart Is

This week’s feature was written by volunteer Sheila Chung, with additional research by the CUESA Staff.

Thanksgiving may be over, but pie season is just getting going.

Start with the crust
CUESA’s Market Chef, Sarah Henkin, believes that picking the right filling and creating a flaky crust are equally important to the pie-making process. As for making a flaky crust, Sarah offers these tricks of the trade:

  1. Make sure that all your crust ingredients are very cold before you start making the dough.
  2. Do not overwork the dough. Touch it as little as possible.
  3. Think good thoughts and pay attention. Dough can tell if you are anxious and will not turn out how you expect. Pay attention to how the dough looks and feels as you make it. Over time, you will develop a “feel” for the perfect consistency at each stage. 

Summer fruit in a fall pie
pie2Some locavores wouldn’t think to eat cherry or boysenberry pie during the winter holidays, but then they probably haven’t had a pie from Lagier Ranches yet, either.

Farmer John Lagier describes his pies as “a nice home for fruit.” He’s been growing organic cherries and berries since 1997, when he diversified his family’s almond orchard. Soon, John and his daughters began baking vegan pies as a way to find “homes” for highly perishable fruit and bumper crops―perfectly ripe berries that could be frozen for use year round. John’s commitment to sustainability meant ensuring that the pies were baked with certified organic ingredients like shortening made from organic palm oil.
 
John believes that high quality fruit sets his pies apart. When he is not incorporating his own cherries and boysenberries into the filling, he buys fruit from trusted sources like apple grower Ferrari Farms in Linden, CA. John also refrains from making his pies too sweet. “I eat pie for breakfast a lot, so I can’t have a lot of sugar,” he says.
 
More pie filling options from the market

Apples
There are two factors to think about when selecting apples for pie: flavor and texture. Stan Devoto of Devoto Gardens and Karen Bates of The Apple Farm both prefer tart apples with a firm texture. Of the apples at the market right now, Stan recommends his Pink Ladies and Black Twigs, while Karen recommends her Sierra Beauties. According to Karen, Pink Pearls and Gravensteins, and early-season apples in general, have a great flavor, but they have less integrity (firmness) and can turn to mush if baked for too long.

Johan Smit of Hidden Star Orchards also recommends his family’s recipe for Apple Cider Pie, which uses apple juice to intensify the fruit’s flavor.

Apricot or peach filling
Fresh apricots and peaches are gone from the market for the season, but G.L. Alfieri Farms now carries apricot and peach pie fillings in a jar, made from their farm’s fruit, a little bit of sugar and some tapioca flour.

Mincemeat
Mince pie, though made with meat in medieval times, is now strictly vegetarian. This traditional British holiday pie is made with dried or candied fruit, nuts, and spices. June Taylor Company sells artisanal mincemeat during the holiday season.

Pumpkin or butternut squash
Do not make pumpkin pie from a Halloween pumpkin! Look for the smaller pie pumpkins (a popular variety is Sugar Pie). Some cooks prefer to use other winter squash varieties, such as butternut. Libby’s canned “pumpkin” is actually made from a variety called Dickenson, which looks much like (and is closely related to) a butternut. The Eatwell Farm squash pie recipe also works with sweet potatoes, and the crust, which uses their local whole wheat flour, can hold the filling of your choice.

About CUESA

CUESA (Center for Urban Education about Sustainable Agriculture) is dedicated to cultivating a sustainable food system through the operation of the Ferry Plaza Farmers Market and its educational programs. Learn More »